The comparison of mandibular radiomorphometric indices in panoramic radiography between patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy individuals

Moeintaghavi, A. and Hosseinizarch, H. and Tabassi, S. M. (2015) The comparison of mandibular radiomorphometric indices in panoramic radiography between patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy individuals. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 15 (4). pp. 461-465.

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Abstract

Aim: Osteoporosis and periodontitis are two separate diseases with different origins and manifestations. It is believed that these diseases linked together, because they both lead to bone damage, some risk factors are similar, they both have the highest prevalence in middle-aged and older women. Some studies showed that the use of panoramic radiography and special indices could be reliable tools for osteoporosis screening. This study was performed to evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease and jaw osteoporotic indices. Materials and methods: Eighty-two patients with chronic periodontitis and 80 healthy individuals were selected, they had been referred to a private oral and maxillofacial radiology clinic to take a panoramic radiograph. Then panoramic indicators; including the mandibular cortical index (MCI), mental index (MI), and panoramic mandible index (PMI) in both groups were measured, recorded and analyzed. Results: The mean age of investigated individuals was 39/8 ± 9/33. 58.6 of participants were females and 41.4 were males. MI and PMI levels in the periodontal group were more than the periodontally healthy group, but the differences between the two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.808 and p = 0.102 respectively). The MCI level was significantly different between two groups (p = 0.028). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that there is significant relationship between MCI in panoramic radiography and chronic periodontitis. It is suggested to perform more studies to confirm if this index could be used for screening and indicating of bone status in high risk individuals. This study did not show a strong evidence of a relationship between osteoporosis and periodontitis. Clinical significance: Since panoramic radiographs are routinely used for screening in dental practice, any association between radiomorphometric indices of mandible in periodontitis patients might be useful in prediction of osteoporosis in patients referring to dental clinics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :2 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Tabassi, S.M.; Hashemieh Blvd, Sairus Building, Iran; email: saramohamadzadet@yahoo.com
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cross-sectional Osteoporosis Periodontitis Radiomorphometric indices adult aged bone density case control study cephalometry chin chronic periodontitis comparative study cross-sectional study female human male mandible mass screening middle aged panoramic radiography physiology procedures radiography young adult Case-Control Studies Cross-Sectional Studies Humans Radiography, Panoramic
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 16 May 2020 10:17
Last Modified: 16 May 2020 10:17
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/18977

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