The prevalence of TB in HIV patients and risk factor with frequent referral (Iran, 2009-10)

Rabirad, N. and Nejad, E. M. and Hadizadeh, R. and Begjani, J. and Ehsani, S. R. (2012) The prevalence of TB in HIV patients and risk factor with frequent referral (Iran, 2009-10). Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 15 (1).

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Background: HIV infection significantly increases the risk of tuberculosis and this disease is one of the most common opportunistic infections in HIV Patients. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine of the prevalence of tuberculosis and risk factor among HIV patients. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, from September 2009 to September 2010, 71 HIV patients who referred to teaching hospital in Tehran, Capital Iran were enrolled. Records of patients that admitted to hospital at least once a year and have positive test for HIV with ELISA and Western Blot were assessed. TB diagnosis testes included clinical finding, chest X-Ray and culture positive sputum. Results: 74.6 and 38 of them had prison history and history of addiction respectively, 28.2 of subjects co- infected with HIV / TB and 40 of patients were under treatment with anti-retroviral drugs. There was relationship Between TB and CD4 counts below 200 cells per micro-liters (P = 0.003), age (P = 0.000), anti-retroviral drugs (P = 0.001), discharge status (P = 0.004), prison history (P = 0.002) and alcohol and smoking (P = 0.01). Conclusions: The prevalence rate of TB / HIV among intravenous drug abusers and prisoners was high also the prevalence of tuberculosis among HIV patients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :6 Export Date: 16 February 2020 Correspondence Address: Nejad, E. M.; Nursing Office, Imam Khomeini Clinical and Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; email:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coinfection HIV Prevalence Tuberculosis alcohol antiretrovirus agent adolescent adult age article CD4 lymphocyte count cross-sectional study drug abuse female hospital discharge human Human immunodeficiency virus infection major clinical study male mixed infection patient referral prison questionnaire risk factor smoking sputum analysis thorax radiography
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases
Divisions: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mr lib5 lib5
Date Deposited: 14 May 2020 17:49
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 17:49

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