Effects of aqueous extract of Hyssopus officinalis on seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole and hippocampus mRNA level of iNOS in rats

Gholami, Masoumeh and Jafari, Faranak and Baradaran, Zahra and Amri, Jamal and Azhdari-zarmehri, Hassan and Sadegh, Mehdi (2020) Effects of aqueous extract of Hyssopus officinalis on seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole and hippocampus mRNA level of iNOS in rats. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 10 (3). pp. 213-221.

[img] Text
AJP_Volume 10_Issue 3_Pages 213-221.pdf

Download (419kB)
Official URL: http://ajp.mums.ac.ir/article_13556.html

Abstract

Objective: We examined the effectiveness of Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop) aqueous extract on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced acute seizures and the hippocampus iNOS (induciblenitric oxide synthases) gene expression as a potential mediator of the effects. Materials and Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were used. Tonic-clonic seizures were induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of PTZ (80 mg/kg) then behavioral profile during 30 min was characterized by stages defined as seizure scores. Hyssop extract were prepared and injected (i.p.) 15 minutes before the seizure induction at three doses 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg. Experimental groups were as below: (1) saline+PTZ (n=5); (2) Hyssop 50mg/kg+PTZ (n=10); (3) Hyssop 100mg/kg+PTZ (n=10); (4) Hyssop 200 mg/kg+PTZ (n=8). Two hours after the experimental procedure, all ani­mals were decapitated, brain was removed and right hippocampus was quickly dissected. After total RNA extraction and cDNA synthesis quantitative PCR were used for gene expression of iNOS. Results: Our results showed significant increase (p<0.05) in latency to reach stages 5 and 6 of tonic-clonic seizure at dose 100 mg/kg hyssop extract. In addition, this dose caused significant increase in the gene expression of iNOS in the hippocampus. Conclusion: It seems a 100 mg/kg dose of hyssop extract might have anticonvulsant effects. However, these anticonvulsant effects might not occur through the iNOS gene expression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anticonvulsive,Epilepsy,Aqueous extract,Nitric oxide,Hyssopus officinalis
Subjects: QT physiology
WL Nervous system
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Avicenna J Phytomedicine
Depositing User: ajp ajp
Date Deposited: 02 May 2020 07:52
Last Modified: 02 May 2020 07:52
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/19156

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item