Propranolol for infantile hemangioma: An evaluation of its efficacy and safety in Iranian infants

Livani, Fatemeh and Layegh, Pouran and Alizadeh, Behzad and Tashnizi, Mohammad Abbasi and Amin Moghaddam, Maryam and Taherian, Ali (2016) Propranolol for infantile hemangioma: An evaluation of its efficacy and safety in Iranian infants. Iranian Journal of Neonatology IJN, 7 (3). pp. 17-20.

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Abstract

Background: Propranolol has been recently indicated to inhibit the rapid growth and involution of infantile hemangioma. In the present study, we investigated the efficacy and safety of propranolol in Iranian infants. Methods: A total of 30 infants with indications for medical intervention, such as large hemangiomas, wounds with or without secondary infection, or active trauma-induced bleeding, were selected. First, a total concentration of 1 mg/kg/day was orally administered to the infants; the dosage further increased (2-3 mg/kg/day) in case the infants experienced no adverse effects. Following weekly (one month after treatment) and monthly (up to six months) follow-ups, hemangioma activity score (HAS) was calculated to evaluate swelling, color of the lesion, and ulcer size. Results: In the present study, infants with the mean age of 5.33±3.50 years received therapy. Improvement was observed in the lesions of all patients, characterized by a significant decline in size, change in color, and reduction in ulcer size (P<0.001). No serious adverse effects were recorded, except agitation which was overcome by reducing the drug concentration. Conclusion: It seems that propranolol can be considered as an efficacious and safe alternative to other pharmaceutical and surgical interventions for infantile hemangiomas in Iranian infants.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Neonatology
Depositing User: ijn ijn
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 13:14
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2030

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