Frequency of Trichomonas vaginalis in PAP smears of women referring to Naft hospital in Ahvaz during 2005-2014

Beiromvand, Molouk and Daneshbakhtyar, Roya (2016) Frequency of Trichomonas vaginalis in PAP smears of women referring to Naft hospital in Ahvaz during 2005-2014. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 18 (186). pp. 1-8.

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Abstract

Introduction: Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections, which had received little attentions at the global level despite its high prevalence rate of 5 to 75 and adverse health and pregnancy outcomes. This study was performed with aim to evaluate the frequency of Trichomonas vaginalis among women referred to Naft Hospital in Ahvaz based on the Pap smear test. Methods: In this cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study, 37332 Pap smear files obtained from the laboratory of Naft Hospital in Ahvaz during 2005-2014 were evaluated in terms of Trichomonas vaginalis infection. Among the received positive samples, the symptoms such as inflammation, fungal and bacterial infections were examined. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 21) and the chi-square test. PResults: Among 37332 studied files, 312 samples (0.83) had T. vaginalis infection. Among 312 cases, 240 (76.9 ) had vaginal inflammation, 26 (8.3 ) fungal, and 89 (28.5 ) bacterial infections. Also, 6869 (18.4) of referred cases had one abortion and 2277 (6.1) had two abortions that no significant relationship was found between Trichomonas vaginalis infection and number of abortion (P>0.05). Conclusion: The frequency of Trichomonas vaginalis among women referred to Naft hospital in Ahvaz is lower than other parts of Iran, but since this protozoan can be a potential factor in the transmission of other sexually transmitted infections such as viral, bacterial and fungal diseases, therefore, sex educational programs can be effective on prevention of these infections.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 14:10
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 14:10
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2168

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