The study of lexical relations device in speech of elderly Alzheimer patients and non-patients

Ahangar, Abbasali and Jafarzadeh Fadaki, Seyyed Morteza and Sehhati, Afsaneh (2015) The study of lexical relations device in speech of elderly Alzheimer patients and non-patients. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 18 (1). pp. 22-28.

[img]
Preview
Text
JFMH_Volume 18_Issue 1_Pages 22-28-2.pdf

Download (67kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://jfmh.mums.ac.ir/article_6242.html

Abstract

Introduction: Verbal cohesion is one of the comprehension factors that can be affected by Alzheimer. Lexical relations device is also one of cohesive devices. Despite substantial researches in the field of neurological diseases and cohesive devices, there has been no analysis and comparison of lexical relations as a subset of cohesive devices in the speech of elderly Alzheimer patients and non-patients yet. Therefore, it seems necessary to perform such studies. Besides, the study of possible disorders in the speech of elderly Alzheimer patients is a step toward a more accurate illustration of brain and language relation and may contribute to verbal rehabilitation of these patients as well. The purpose of this research was to study and compare the application of lexical relations device in the speech of elderly Alzheimer patients and non-patients based on Dooley and Levinson�s (2001) perspective.  Materials and Methods: The participants of this research were 6 elderly Alzheimer and 6 elderly non-patients who lived in nursing homes of Birjand and Qaen. The linguistic data was gathered during 5 months (22 September 2012 to18 February 2013). The age range of the subjects was 74 to 90 years old, who were all women with severe Alzheimer. A 40 minute speech sample of each subject was recorded. The data was analyzed using SPSS software version 20 and independent t test.  Results: The results of t-test analysis indicated that there was a significant difference between the application of lexical relations device in the speech of non-patients and elderly Alzheimer patients (P=0.009). In fact, based on individual results of all kinds of lexical relations, it was observed that, except for collocation device (P=0.107), there was a significant difference in the other two subsets: part-whole (P=0.019) and hyponymy (P=0.044).  Conclusion: It seems that there was a significant difference between the application of lexical relations device in the speech of non-patients and elderly Alzheimer patients.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
WT Geriatrics . Chronic Diseases
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 15:31
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 17:46
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2179

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item