Evaluation of mast cell and blood vessel density in inflammatory periapical lesions

Seifi, Safoura and Shafaee, Shahriar and Bizhani, Ali and Adhami, Fatemeh (2012) Evaluation of mast cell and blood vessel density in inflammatory periapical lesions. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 36 (2). pp. 121-132.

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Abstract

Introduction: Radicular cystsand periapical granulomas are the most common periapical inflammatory lesions. However, the role of cellular immunity and microvesselsin their pathogenesis remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mast cell density (MCD), mircovessel density (MVD) and investigating the correlation between their densities with each other in the above mentioned lesions. Materials & Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 40 paraffin blocks of mentioned lesions were selected from achieves of School of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences. Three sections were prepared from each block and stained by hematoxylin-eosin, toluidine blue, and immunohistochemically for CD34 to determine the score of inflammation, presence of mast cells and degranulatedmast cells (DMCs), and MVD, respectively. The correlation between MCD and either inflammatory infiltrate or MVD was evaluated. Data analyzed by t student, Mann-Whitney and Spearman test. Results: Mast cells were present in all periapical inflammatory lesions; 15.4±14.8 for MCD, 7.2±6.1 for DMCs, and the ratio of DMCs to total number of MCs was 0.354±0.166 and 14.8+4.44 for blood vessel density in radicular cyst and 8.52±6.75, 2.91±2.1, 0.196±0.194 and 13±8.02 in periapical granulomas, respectively. There was a positive correlation between MCD and MVD in radicular cyst (P=0.03, r=0.341), but not in periapical granulomas (P=0.6, r=0.124). MCD and MVD increased with the score of inflammation in radicular cyst (P=0.001, r=0.7) and periapical granuloma (P=0.012, r=0.54). Conclusion: Mast cells and microvessels play a role in pathogenesis of periapical inflammatory lesions. In this study, the density of mast cells and DMCs in radicular cyst was higher than periapical granulomas, but no difference was observed regarding MVD in periapical inflammatory lesions. It seems that the relationship between MCD and MVD is different based on the clinical stage of periapical inflammatory lesions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 16:01
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 16:01
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2357

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