Evaluation of the Relationship Between Periodontal Disease and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Fatemi, Kazem and Banihashemrad, SayedAli and Tovhidi, Mohammad and Hosseini, SayedHossein (2009) Evaluation of the Relationship Between Periodontal Disease and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 33 (3). pp. 241-246.

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Abstract

Introduction: Oral cavity has been recognized as a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens; so it is necessary to determine the role of oral infections in the occurrence and progression of respiratory infections. Therefore, a study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Materials &amp; Methods: In this study, 30 hospitalized patients with COPD (case group) were selected. The control group consisted of 30 individuals referred to Mashhad dental school at the same time who did not have any signs and symptoms of respiratory disease. The two groups matched in age, gender and smoking habit. After recording personal information of the patients, probing pocket depth (PPD), loss of attachment (LOA) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were determined in both groups. Finally, the data were compared and analyzed by Kruskal Wallis, Chi square and t-tests. Results: The mean age of patients in case and control groups were 53±7 and 54±5 years respectively. The number of smokers in the case group was 18 (60); while there were 19 smokers in the control group (63.3). The average loss of attachment (LOA) in the case group was 5.72±0.8 mm but it was 3.92±0.5 mm in the control group. The difference was significant (P=0.04). BOP was 86±12 in the case group and 71±16 in the control group and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.001). The average of PPD was 4±0.5 mm in the case group and 2.75±0.3 in the control group and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P=0.01). Conclusion: The data showed that all of the periodontal indices were significantly higher in the case group; It could be concluded that there was a significant relationship between periodontal disease and COPD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2017 15:55
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 15:55
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2859

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