The effect of chewing gums on plaque index in the lack of oral hygiene measures

KaramiNogourani, Maryam and Esfahanian, Vahid and Soltani, MohammadReza (2009) The effect of chewing gums on plaque index in the lack of oral hygiene measures. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 33 (3). pp. 247-254.

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Introduction: Nowadays, chewing gum is one of the frequent habits among people. The goal of this study was to compare the effect of two type chewing gums (with and without sucrose) on dental plaque accumulation in the lack of oral hygiene measures. Materials &amp; Methods: In this cross over design clinical trial, approved by ethical committee of Azad Khorasegan University of Medical Sciences, plaque accumulation during three 4-day periods (with two week interval) was recorded (Sillness &amp; LÖe Index) in a group of 20 volunteer male dental students, in the absence of normal oral hygiene methods. The stuents were asked to chew sugar-free gum (orbit) during the first4-day period and sugar containing gum (olips) during the second 4-day period and stop chewing during the third period.Participants were asked to chew five gum sticks daily after meals for about twenty minutes. The data were statistically analyzed using One Way ANOVA and LSD tests. Results: The results showed that both sugar free and sugar containing gums reduced the amount of plaque (P<0.000). The comparison of the mean dental plaque accumulation between the two groups indicated that the effect of the sugar free gum was significantly greater than that of the sugar containing one (P<0.001). Conclusion: Although sugar free gum is more effective than sugared gum on reducing dental plaque accumulation, chewing sugar containing gum also decreases the level of dental plaque.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2017 15:42
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 15:42

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