Effect of Family-centered Intervention in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit on Anxiety of Parents

ArshadiBostanabad, Mohammad and NamdarArshatnab, Hossein and Balila, Masoumeh and Asghari Jafarabadi, Mohammad and Ravanbakhsh, Kobra (2017) Effect of Family-centered Intervention in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit on Anxiety of Parents. International Journal of Pediatrics, 5 (6). pp. 5101-5111.

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Abstract

Background Birth of a premature infant and hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a stressful phenomenon and lead to parents’ anxiety. In such situation, fathers have important role to reduce mothers’ anxiety. This study aimed to investigate the effect of family-centered intervention in the NICU on the anxiety of parents. Materials and Methods In this clinical trial, 60 parents of premature infants hospitalized in the NICU were assigned to two groups using randomization with the block size of 6. Before the intervention, the anxiety of the mothers was measured in both groups. The fathers in the control group received only the routine care of the ward, but those in the intervention group were educated about mother supporting and newborn care 3 times. Furthermore, the parents were given the opportunity to be with their infants for 3 days in order to exchange ideas in the non-visiting hours. One day after the intervention, the anxiety of the mothers was measured in both groups. Data was analyzed by SPSS software (version 11.0). Results Most of newborns in both group have delivered by caesarian section (71.4 vs. 64.3). Investigating the difference between the mean total anxiety scores of parents in the two groups before and after the intervention showed a significant reduction in the anxiety score of the intervention group (97.37 to 75.70) (P<0.000), but no significant difference in the control group (P<0.320). Conclusion Results of this study demonstrated that family-centered care and paternal supports reduces the anxiety of the parents of premature infants.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2017 21:06
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 21:06
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2901

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