Hormone therapy after menopause: Advantages and Disadvantages

Akhlaghi, Farideh and Zakeri Hamidi, Maryam and Khakbazan, Zohreh (2015) Hormone therapy after menopause: Advantages and Disadvantages. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 18 (159). pp. 18-25.

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Abstract

Introduction: Hormone therapy is widely used to control the menopause symptoms, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and dementia in old women. This study was performed with aim to identify the long-term effects of hormone therapy on menopausal problems. Methods: This study was performed as a review of 25 articles related to hormone therapy after menopause between 1999 and 2010. Searching was performed in databases including ISI web of Science, Up to date, and Scopus using keywords of menopause, hormone therapy, complications of hormone therapy, estrogen and progesterone. Inclusion criteria included the insertion of search terms in the title or keywords of the article. Articles with incomplete data and articles which only their abstracts are available were excluded. Results: In relatively healthy women, continuous combined hormone therapy significantly increases the risk of venous thromboembolism or coronary events, stroke, breast cancer and gallbladder disease. Long-term hormone therapy with estrogen alone significantly increases the risk of stroke and gallbladder disease. In general, the only benefits of hormone therapy are reducing the incidence of fractures and colon cancer with long-term use. Conclusions: Hormone therapy is not an indication for routine management of chronic disease. There is a need for more evidence on the safety of hormone therapy to control the menopausal symptoms. It is believed that short-term use of hormones is relatively safe for healthy younger women.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2017 18:13
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 18:13
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3074

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