The Role of Social and Familial Factors as Predicting Factors Related to Hookah and Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents in Jahrom, South of Iran

Rezaei, Fatemeh and Noroozi, Mehdi and Mansourian, Morteza and Safari, Omid and Jahangiry, Leila (2017) The Role of Social and Familial Factors as Predicting Factors Related to Hookah and Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents in Jahrom, South of Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics, 5 (5). pp. 4929-4937.

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Abstract

Background: Tobacco and hookah smoking is a worldwide problem among adolescents. The present study aimed to determine familial and social factors in predicting the tobacco and hookah smoking among high school students in Jahrom, South of Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted for assessing the factors affecting hookah and cigarette smoking among high school students during January to April 2015. The participants were 630 high school students (girls=315 and boys=315). The self-administered questionnaire containingstudents’ demographics, parent education, family sizes, tobacco using, tobacco using of the family, hookah smoking, and hookah smoking in the family was used. Multiple logistic regression (MLR) models using the Enter method were fitted to assess the factors that increased or decreased the risk of smoking. Results: The risk of cigarette smoking was increased with: cigarette smoking by sister (s) or brother (s) (36.8 95% confidence interval(CI) (1.28-105); P=0.03), hookah smoking by mother (6.64 95%CI (1.28-34.2); P=0.02), hookah smoking by father (OR: 5.33 95%CI:1.88-15.07; P=0.02 ), hookah smoking by mother (OR: 29.53 95%CI:10.26-85.01, P<0.001), hookah smoking by sister (s) or brother (s) (OR: 31.6 95%CI: 10.71-93.3, P<0.001), and not consult with parents (4.38 95%CI (1.48-12.9); P=0.007), were significantly related to hookah smoking (P<0.05). Conclusion In current study, the prevalence rate of hookah smoking is notable among bothmale (3.8%) and female (1.6%) sexes. Despite the protective role of family in the substance use studies, in the case of hookah smoking, the family provides an opportunity for adolescence to experience hookah smoking.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2017 22:27
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 22:27
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3138

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