Determinants of Self-Perceived Health in Iranian Children and Adolescents: the CASPIAN IV Study

Zahedi, Hoda and Heshmat, Ramin and Payab, Moloud and Ardalan, Gelayol and Esmaeil Motlagh, Mohammad and Shafiee, Gita and Asayesh, Hamid and Ahmadishokouh, Ali Asghar and Qorbani, Mostafa and Kelishadi, Roya (2017) Determinants of Self-Perceived Health in Iranian Children and Adolescents: the CASPIAN IV Study. International Journal of Pediatrics, 5 (5). pp. 4951-4964.

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Background: Health status is an individual’s relative level of wellness and illness. Self-Perceived Health (SPH) is a single item considered as a health indicator for national and international survey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the SPH measure and its determinants in a National sample of Iranian children and adolescents. Materials and Methods: This National study was performed as the fourth National survey of a school‑based surveillance program entitled the Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable Disease (CASPIAN‑IV) study. 14,880 students aged 6-18 years old selected from 30 provinces of Iran by a multistage Cluster and stratified sampling method. Two sets of valid and reliable questionnaires were completed for students and their parents. Results : Overall 13,846 participated in the present studywith 90.6 participation. In this study, 80.5 of boys and 79.4 of girls reported good SPH (95 confidence interval (CI), 79.3-81.6 versus 78.1-80.6, respectively). According to the living area, 79.5 from urban and 81.1 from rural area declared good SPH (95 CI, 78.6-80.5 versus 79.2-82.8, respectively). In the multivariate model, the subjects who had healthy weight compared with excess weight had significantly higher SPH (OR: 1.36; 95 CI, 1.17-1.59). Also, the subjects with high Socio-economic status (SES) had higher odds of SPH (odds ratio OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.06-1.41). Conclusion: Our results showed that SPH can be influenced by both demographic and life style related characteristics among study population. This association was stronger for SPH and academic success, talking with both parents and having normal body image respectively.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2017 22:38
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 22:38

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