Effectiveness of group metacognitive therapy in self-efficacy and defense styles in women with multiple sclerosis

Asgharkhah, Elahe and Shareh, Hossein (2017) Effectiveness of group metacognitive therapy in self-efficacy and defense styles in women with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 19 (4). pp. 330-340.

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Abstract

Introduction: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of group metacognitive therapy in self-efficacy and defense styles in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial (code: IRCT2015091624054N1), from among all the patients suffering from multiple sclerosis, who were referred to the MS Society in Khorasan Razavi in 2014, 30 women were selected through available sampling method and were randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group received metacognitive therapy for eight weeks while the control group spent the routine process of the sessions held by the MS Society. For data collection, Sherer General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ) were administered in the pretest, posttest and follow-up test. Repeated-measures ANOVA with a significance level α of 0.05 were conducted for data analysis. Results: The results showed that group metacognitive therapy led to a significantly higher level of self-efficacy (P<0.001) and use of mature defense mechanisms (P<0.001) compared to control group. The results maintained over one-month and three-month follow-ups. Conclusion: It seems that group metacognitive therapy can improve self-efficacy and increase the use of mature defense mechanisms in women with multiple sclerosis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2017 18:41
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/360

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