Effect of group cognitive behavioral therapy based on Hofmann model on anxiety symptoms and brain behavioral systems in adults suffering from social anxiety disorder

Asghari, Parvaneh and Mashhadi, Ali and Sepehri Shamloo, Zohreh (2014) Effect of group cognitive behavioral therapy based on Hofmann model on anxiety symptoms and brain behavioral systems in adults suffering from social anxiety disorder. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 17 (1). pp. 38-45.

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Abstract

Introduction: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) as a negative emotion can be associated with specific patterns of brain behavioral system functions. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of Hofmann-based CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) in reducing anxiety symptoms and improving brain behavioral system functions in patients suffering from social anxiety disorder. Materials and Methods: This research is a semi-experimental study with a pretest/posttest plan. 20 SAD patients were randomly selected and divided equally into two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group underwent 12 sessions of Hofmann-based CBT, whereas the control group was placed in the waiting list. Anxiety disorder Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (ADIS-IV), Social phobia questionnaire, and Gary-Wilson�s personality questionnaire were used for evaluating results at pretests and posttests. Data were analyzed with descriptive indices and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) by SPSS software. Results: The experimental group showed significant improvement in total scores of social phobia, including fear (P<0.001), avoidance (P<0.001), and physiological discomfort (P<0.001) Also, brain behavioral systems (including behavioral activation, behavioral inhibition, and fight/flight) showed significant improvement (P<0.001) in behavioral inhibition in the experimental group. Conclusion: Cognitive behavioral therapy based on Hofmann model is effective in patients suffering from social anxiety disorder, especially in improving anxiety symptoms and behavioral inhibition functions.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2017 20:01
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2017 20:01
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3770

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