Nutritional Preventive Behavior of Osteoporosis in Female Students: Applying Health Belief Model (HBM)

Hosseini, Zahra and Karimi, Zeynab and Mohebi, Siamak and Sharifirad, Gholamreza and Rahbar, Ahmad and Gharlipour, Zabihollah (2017) Nutritional Preventive Behavior of Osteoporosis in Female Students: Applying Health Belief Model (HBM). International Journal of Pediatrics, 5 (1). pp. 4137-4144.

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Abstract

BackgroundOsteoporosis is one of the most important health problems and it is of great importance to prevent this disease. This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional preventive behavior of osteoporosis using health belief model in female students in Qom city, Iran.Materials and MethodsThis cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was conducted on 265 tenth to twelfth grade female students in Qom city. The subjects were selected via multistage sampling method. To collect data, we used a standard questionnaire based on health belief model. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20.0 using independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and ANOVA. ResultsKnowledge and perceived self-efficacy had a positive and significant relationship with nutritional preventive behavior of osteoporosis (P=0.04, r=0.12 and P=0.004, r=0.18, respectively). However, perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers had a negative and significant relationship with nutritional preventive behavior of osteoporosis (P=0.02, r=-0.14 and P<0.001, r=-0.27, respectively). Perceived severity and perceived benefits had no significant relationship with nutritional preventive behavior of osteoporosis (P=0.08, r=0.11 and P=0.22, r=0.07, respectively).ConclusionHealth Belief Model is a helpful and efficient model for preventive behaviors. This method can be also utilized to design intervention programs to change osteoporosis preventive nutritional behaviors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2017 21:52
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2017 21:52
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3774

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