The relationship between diet and oral hygiene and gingival status in private preschool children in the city of Mashhad

Talebi, Maryam and Saraf Shirazi, AliReza and Esmaili, Habibollah (2005) The relationship between diet and oral hygiene and gingival status in private preschool children in the city of Mashhad. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 29 (Issue). pp. 223-134.

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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between diet and oral and gingival hygiene stata in preschool children. Materials & Methods: In this corss-sectional study, 250 preschool children (105 boys and 145 girls) aged 4-6.5 years old, were randomly selected among private kindergartens in Mashhad. The data were collected through questionnaire and clinical examination, and diet, OHI-S and PMA indices were evaluated. The data were analyzed statistically by chi-square test and Kendell correlation coefficient using SPSS software. Results: - The data revealed that nearly all of the children (96.8%) consumed snacks between the main meals. - No relationship was found between type of diet and either oral hygiene or gingival status. - The amount of dairy products, fruits, vegetables and snacks taken didn't affect oral hygiene and gingival status. - There was no relationship between the time of snacks & sweets consumption and oral hygiene and gingival status. Conclusion: Poor oral hygiene can lead to periodontal diseases. The effect of diet on dental caries is obvious, however its effect on oral hygiene and gingival status is not completely understood. In this study no relationship was detected between diet and oral or gingival hygiene stata. Key word: Diet, oral hygiene, gingival status, preschool children.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 13:55
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 13:55
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3814

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