Comparison of efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy and neurofeedback on symptoms of adolescence obsessive-compulsive disorder

Hashemian, 2 Pejman and Nazemian, Abbas and Hashemian, Peyman (2016) Comparison of efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy and neurofeedback on symptoms of adolescence obsessive-compulsive disorder. medical journal of mashhad university of medical sciences, 59 (1). pp. 48-55.

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Abstract

Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a prevalent psychiatric disorder among adolescences that leads to functional impairment so it is necessary that the researchers assess the appropriate treatment methods. In addition to routine medications, cognitive-behavioral therapy and neurofeedback are applied for treatment. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and neurofeedback on symptoms of adolescence obsessive-compulsive disorder. Methods: This clinical trial conducted in 2011-12 and its statistical community was the OCD adolescents who referred to a private clinic in Mashhad, Iran.Over all 24 adolescents (12-18 years) who received the score >70 in Wechsler IQ test and the diagnosis of OCD according to the clinical interview by a child and adolescents psychiatrist and DSM-IV criteria were selected through available sampling method and they were divided into CBT and neurofeedback groups randomly. The participants fulfilled the Yale-Brown Scale before and after intervention (10 weekly sessions). Data analyzed by descriptive statistics, variance analysis, T test, and SPSS software version 16. Results: The two groups were matched in variables of sex and education. The scores of Yale-Brown Scale were not significantly different in pre-test (p=0.421). These scores were reduced significantly after intervention in CBT group (p=0.001) and neurofeedback group (p=0.000) but the effect of neurofeedback was more compared to CBT (P=0.014). Conclusion:Based on the results, both cognitive-behavioral therapy and neurofeedback have significant effects on reduction of symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder among adolescents but the effect of neurofeedback was more significantly compared to cognitive behavioral therapy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
Divisions: Journals > Medical J Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mjmums mjmums
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 14:35
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 14:35
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3904

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