Assessment of prevalence of dental caries in diabetic children registered at Khorasan diabetes research center in 1381

Mazhari, Fatemeh and Kamel, Zajiheh (2004) Assessment of prevalence of dental caries in diabetic children registered at Khorasan diabetes research center in 1381. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 28 (Issue). pp. 97-104.

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Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus might result in increasing of dental caries prevalence due to xerostomia and hyperglycemia, and also might result in decreasing of dental caries prevalence due to limitation in sugar consumption. This study was done to assess the prevalence of dental caries in diabetic children and adolescents and compare it with nondiabetic sex and age –matched group. Materials and Methods: The sample was selected through convenience sampling in two groups. Group one consisted of 68 individuals (5-18 years old; case group), suffering from type I diabetes mellitus registered at Khorasan diabetes research center. Another group consisted of 68 non-diabetic controls, who were out – patients of orthodontic department of Mashhad dental school. The data were collected through a questionnaire, medical records and clinical examination. DMFT and dmft indices were assessed in each patient. The data were analyzed statistically. Results: 1-Mean DMFT were 4.5 ±4.7 and 5.7 ± 4.0 in diabetics and non-diabeticsrespectively. 2-Mean dmft were 5.4 ± 3.1 and 5.1 ± 2.7 in diabetics and non-diabeticsrespectively. Coclusion: The main results of the survey revealed that the prevalence of dental caries in permanent teeth was significantly lower in type I diabetic children than sex and age – matched non diabetic ones but no significant difference was found between the two groups regarding the prevalence of dental caries in primary teeth.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WU Dentistry. Oral surgery
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Mashhad Dental School
Depositing User: jmds jmds
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 15:53
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 15:53
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4084

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