A review of Ramadan fasting and regular physical activity on metabolic syndrome indices

Attarzadeh Hosseini, Seyyed Reza and Hejazi, keyvan (2016) A review of Ramadan fasting and regular physical activity on metabolic syndrome indices. Journal of Fasting and Health, 4 (1). pp. 1-16.

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Introduction: Metabolic syndrome constitutes a cluster of risk factors such as obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, which increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. In this review article, we aimed to discuss the possible effects of fasting and regular physical activity on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Online databases including Google Scholar, SID, PubMed, and MagIran were searched, using the following keywords: “training”, “exercise”, “physical activity”, “fasting”, “Ramadan”, “metabolic syndrome”, “fat percentage”, “blood pressure”, “blood sugar”, “cholesterol”, “triglyceride”, and “lowdensity lipoprotein-cholesterol”. All articles including research studies, review articles, descriptive and analytical studies, and ross-sectional research, published during 2006-2015, were reviewed. In case of any errors in the methodologyof articles, they were removed from our analysis. Results:Based on our literature review, inconsistent findings have been reported on risk factors formetabolic syndrome. However, the majority of conducted studies have suggested the positive effects offasting on reducing the risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: Although fasting in different seasons of the year has no significant impacts on mental health or physical fitness, it can reduce the risk of various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases. Also, based on the conducted studies, if individuals adhere to a proper diet, avoid excessive eating, drink sufficient amounts of fluids, and keep a healthy level of physical activity, fasting can improve their physical health.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Journals > J Fasting And Health
Depositing User: fasting fasting
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 16:18
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 16:18
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4158

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