Anxiety during pregnancy and preeclampsia: a case - control study

Kordi, Masoumeh and Vahed, Azra and Rezaee Talab, Fariborz and Mazloum, Seyed Reza and Lotfalizadeh, Marzieh (2017) Anxiety during pregnancy and preeclampsia: a case - control study. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 5 (1). pp. 814-820.

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Abstract

Introduction: Preeclampsia is the common and dangerous complication of pregnancy with unknown reason. Multiple causes such as depression, psychological and physical stress may be involved in its development. This study was performed to determine the relationship between anxiety during pregnancy and the incidence of preeclampsia. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 150 pregnant women with preeclampsia and 150 healthy pregnant women referred to health centers and academic hospitals of Mashhad in 2014. The diagnosis of preeclampsia was made by systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg accompanied with urinary protein excretion more than 300 mg per 24 hours. The cutoff point for the presence of anxiety was the score of ≥8; the score of 8-9 was mild anxiety and the score of 20 was very severe anxiety. Data collection tools included the form of demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory signs of preeclampsia, and depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS 21). Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16) and independent t-test, Mann-Whitney, Chi-square, and logistic regressions model. P Results: We found significant relationship between anxiety and preeclampsia (P<0.001), so that 26.7 of those with preeclampsia and 10.7 of control group had anxiety. Participants with anxiety had 2.90 fold increased risk of preeclampsia in comparison with those without it (OR =2.90, CI95:1.46 - 4.26). Conclusion: Due to an increased risk of preeclampsia in women with anxiety during pregnancy, it can be considered as a risk factor for preeclampsia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Midwifery&Reproductive Health J
Depositing User: jmrh jmrh
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 17:57
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 17:57
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4365

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