Comparison of anxiety levels in rural and urban high school students in Mashhad-Northeastern part of Iran

behdani, fatemeh (2012) Comparison of anxiety levels in rural and urban high school students in Mashhad-Northeastern part of Iran. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 14 (56). pp. 294-301.

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Abstract

: Due to rapid change in socio-cultural and increase in mental disorders in world, these disorders become to the second cause of disability by 2020. Mental disorders and especially anxiety in adolescence is important factor for low level of health, academic failure and risky behaviors. This study compared levels of anxiety in adolescent students in Mashhad, Northeastern part of Iran.  Materials and Methods: The study population was 340 students of rural and urban secondary school in Mashhad in 1385 who selected by stratified cluster random sampling and demographic characteristics, engaging in religious affairs, interested in education and their scores was assessed. Data collection was done by Spielberger Inventory (STAI) and was analyzed by t-test, chi-square and ANOVA.  Results: A total of 337 students with mean age of 16.5±1.3 years were assessed. 175 students of participants (52) lived in rural areas. Severe levels of state and trait anxiety was seen in 23 and 19 of students respectively. In compare, anxiety levels were higher in rural students (P<0.01) and maximum anxiety was seen in rural students girls. Females (P=0.01), not interested in education courses (P=0.01) and irregular engaging in religious affairs (P=0.02) were associated with higher anxiety levels.  Conclusion: Findings of this study showed higher anxiety scores in girls especially in rural students. Screening for anxiety disorders and strategies for reducing anxiety, improving mental health and providing educational and recreational conditions in rural schools should be considered. Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 19:16
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 19:16
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4470

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