The effects of dispositional optimism on attentional bias to emotional faces

shafiee, hasan and Agha-Yousefi, Ali-Reza (2012) The effects of dispositional optimism on attentional bias to emotional faces. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 14 (56). pp. 13-302.

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Abstract

Optimism as an adaptive trait has received growing attention by psychologists and health professionals. The aim of present study was to examine the effect of dispositional optimism on processing of schematic happy and angry emotional faces.  Materials and Methods: This causal comparative study was performed in high school students of Delijan city in 2010. 30 students with high optimism and 30 students with low optimism were selected as sample based on their scores in life orientation test-revised (LOT-R) and perform a semi-structured clinical interview was performed and then computerized pictorial version of modified dot-probe task was carried out on them. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance with repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance.  Results: After controlling for daily mood results of this study indicated that optimism is associated with attentional bias to angry emotional face so that high optimism subjects showed attentional avoidance from angry emotional face (P=0.038) and pessimistic subjects showed attentional vigilance to angry face (P=0.018). There was no effect of attentional bias in happy emotional face (P>0.05).  Conclusion: Dispositional optimism associated with attentional bias in information processing of emotional faces. Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 19:17
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 19:17
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4471

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