Incidence of Congenital Heart Diseases Anomalies in Newborns with Oral Clefts, Zahedan, Iran

Noori, Noor Mohammad and Teimouri, Alireza and Boryri, Tahereh and Risbaf Fakour, Sirous and Shahramian, Fateme (2016) Incidence of Congenital Heart Diseases Anomalies in Newborns with Oral Clefts, Zahedan, Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics, 4 (9). pp. 3363-3371.

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Background Oral cleft is the most common orofacial congenital anomaly among live births. This anomaly at birth is one of the main causes of children disability and mortality. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common anomalies in oral clefts. This study aimed to assess the incidence of congenital heart diseases anomalies in newborns with oral clefts. Materials and Methods This study performed on 48,692 live born to estimate incidence of oral clefts from 1 st December 2013 to 31 th November 2015 from three general hospitals in Zahedan, The capital city of the Sistan & Baluchestan province, Iran. All oral cleft patients were under echocardiography to diagnosis the incidence of CHD as associated anomaly. The collected data were processed using SPSS-16. Results The results of the analysis showed that the incidence of cleft lip was higher in boys than girls, while the cleft palate was higher in girls. Lip/palate cleft was higher for boys. Oral clefts patients accounted of 102 (0.2) with incidence rate of 2.095 per 1000 lives. Of 102 patients 19 (18.62), 39(35.24) and 44(43.14) were oral lip, oral palate and both respectively. The incidence of CHD in patients with oral clefts was 26.5, while the incidences for cleft lip, cleft palate and both were 15.79, 20.51, and 36.36 respectively. Conclusion From the study concluded that the rate of CHD among children with oral clefts was high compared with the healthy children. Strongly is suggested the echocardiography for these patients to have early diagnostic of CHD to manage any life-threatening.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2017 23:26
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2017 23:26

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