The Prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress ِDisorder after Childbirth Pre-Eclampsia and Related Factors

Abedian, Zahra and Soltani, Narges and Mokhber, Naghmeh and Esmaeily, Habibollah (2013) The Prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress ِDisorder after Childbirth Pre-Eclampsia and Related Factors. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 16 (78). pp. 16-24.

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Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy and postpartum period are considered as a stressful time in woman’s life. Maternal disease and unexpected perinatal complaint increased the risk of post traumatic stress disorder. This study was done to determine the prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after childbirth in pre-eclampsia and its related factors. Methods: This descriptive analytical study was conducted on 122 pregnant women with pre-eclampsia in labor wards of governmental hospitals of Mashhad, Iran in 2013. The prevalence of PTSD was determined by perinatal post-traumatic stress questionnaire (PPQ) and confirmed by psychiatrist interview. Related factors of demographic, obstetric and psychosocial support were also noted. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 16, Spearman correlation coefficient, chi-square, Mann-Whitney u and independent t-test. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: 33 cases (26) of women with pre-eclampsia, suffered from PTSD after childbirth that PTSD was confirmed by psychiatric interview in 20 women (65). There were significant differences between mode of delivery, depression in week 6 of postpartum, social support in weeks 2 and 6 of postpartum and PTSD (p<0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD after childbirth in pre-eclampsia is high. Cesarean delivery, reduction of postpartum social support and postpartum depression make women with pre-eclampsia susceptible to PTSD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2017 15:21
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 15:21
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4671

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