Maternal Substance Abuse and the Child's Addiction during Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Khajedaluee, Mohammad and Dadgar Moghadam, Maliheh (2013) Maternal Substance Abuse and the Child's Addiction during Adolescence and Young Adulthood. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 16 (52). pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

Introduction: Women comprise about 10 percent of the country's addicts. The probability of substance abuse in women is fewer than men, but when they start substance abuse they show faster tendency to addiction, and they experience its negative consequences earlier. One of the consequences of women's addiction is the risks for their children in the future. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of maternal addiction on the child future addiction. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 236 girls and young women aged 16-25 years in Mashhad, Iran, 2012. Samples included three groups: vulnerable addict, addict and control. Sampling was done by stratified random method in two age categories, 16 to 20 years and 21 to 25 years. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 11.5. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the population study and the most appropriate parametric (ANOVA) and non-parametric tests (kruskal-wallis) were used for comparisons. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: There was a significant relationship between maternal addiction during pregnancy and child addiction (p<0.001). It was also a significant relationship between maternal addiction during pregnancy and visible congenital malformation, history of domestic violence and Physical and mental child abuse (p<0.01). Conclusion: With regard to the relationship between maternal addiction during pregnancy and their girls' next addiction and the effect of mothers' addiction on all aspects of their children, it is necessary to pay more attention to mother and child health and focus on prevention, treatment and substance abuse control in prenatal care.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2017 16:30
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 16:30
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4800

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