Smoking behavior among male student�s bases on trans-theoretical model

sharifirad, gholamreza (2011) Smoking behavior among male student�s bases on trans-theoretical model. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 13 (52). pp. 95-386.

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Smoking is a global health problem both, in developing and developed countries. Trans-theoretical model developed for understanding of behavior change especially addictive behaviors, not only delineates a way to conceptualize behavior change, but also provides the foundation for developing assessments of an individualâ��s readiness for change and for tailoring interventions to actualize behavior change. Materials and Methods: In a multi central cross-sectional study and a convenience sample of 578 smoker and ex-smoker from 6 universities from December 2009 through June 2010 completed three Persian versions of the short form Smoking questionnaire based on transtheoretical model developed by Prochaska, Velicer and DiClemente. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA. Results: More than half of the subjects were in the precontemplation stage. The pros of smoking among subjects in the precontemplation stage were significantly higher than subjects in the preparation and maintenance stages (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the pros of smoking ratings were significantly higher for subjects in the contemplation and preparation stages than those in the stage of maintenance (P<0.05). Pros of smoking in the action stage were not significantly higher than the other stages of change (P>0.05). Significant mean differences in cons of smoking behavior emerged across the stages of change. In terms of self-efficacy/temptation construct, the results showed significant difference between the stages of change (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results provided support for advantage of increasing self-efficacy and the role of decisional balance for the intervention programs development in smoking cessation.  Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2017 18:54
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 18:54

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