Evaluating the Pap Smear Reports of Pathology Laboratories in Ahvaz, Iran

Zargar Shoushtari, Shirin and Sarrafi, Ali and Makvandi, Somayeh (2016) Evaluating the Pap Smear Reports of Pathology Laboratories in Ahvaz, Iran. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 4 (3). pp. 689-695.

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Abstract

Background & aim: Pap smear is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. The incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer has decreased up to 90 in the regular screening in women aged 20-65 years. This study aimed to investigate the Pap smear reports of pathology laboratories in Ahvaz, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1,006 Pap smear reports were collected from pathology laboratories via cluster sampling method. Data was analyzed by a self-structured questionnaire. In addition, variables such as age, type of infection, grade of inflammation, metaplastic changes, and epithelial cell abnormalities in cervix were studied in this study. Data analysis was performed in SPSS V.16.0 using descriptive analysis, ANOVA, Fisher’s exact, and Chi-square tests. Results: While no infection was reported in 94.43 (n=950) of cases, the highest incidence rate of infections in the remaining samples (5.56, n=56) was related to Candida Albicans (4.77, n=48). Various grades of inflammation were reported in 83.69 (n=842) of the samples. Moreover, the highest grade of inflammation in fungal infections was 2+, whereas the grades in Trichomonas and bacterial infections were 1+ and 3+, respectively. Cervical dysplasia and metaplasia were reported in 0.29 (n=3) and 1.19 (n=12) of the cases, respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of cervical-vaginal infections, cervical metaplasia, and dysplasia were relatively low in Pap smear reports of laboratories in Ahvaz.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Midwifery&Reproductive Health J
Depositing User: jmrh jmrh
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 12:56
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 12:56
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5059

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