Comparison of domestic violence during pregnancy with the Pre-pregnancy period and its relating factors

Khadivzadeh, Talat and Erfanian, Fatemeh (2011) Comparison of domestic violence during pregnancy with the Pre-pregnancy period and its relating factors. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 14 (4). pp. 47-56.

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Abstract

Introduction: Considering the importance of domestic violence and lack of information about the role of pregnancy in its occurrence and variations in its relating factors among societies, this study was conducted to determine and compare the frequency of all types of violence before and during pregnancy and explore its relating factors. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 190 Iranian pregnant women referring to the health centers and labor hospitals of Mashhad in 2004-2005 were selected by sampling method and entered the study. The questionnaire of evaluating violence before and during pregnancy was prepared by deep interviews with 25 pregnant women based on the qualitative study of violence experience and quantitative data were collected by interviews. Data was analyzed by McNemar and Chi-square test, student t-test and -Mann-Whitney test using SPSS 13 software. Results:The overall rate of different types of violence was respectively 82.9 and 64.1 before and during pregnancy. The most common type of violence was sexual (51.6) during pregnancy and psychological (67.6) before pregnancy. Violence during pregnancy didn’t have any relationship with unwanted pregnancy and demographic characteristics, but showed significant relationship with history of violence in the husband’s family (p=.012), marriage without the woman’s consent (p=.004), polygamy (p=.006), history of husband’s penal conviction (p=.000) and addiction (p=.000). conclusion: Violence against women is among the most common problems during pregnancy and before it and is important threats to the health of both mother and child and family. Training midwives about the methods of client assessment on domestic violence and its related factors, along with counseling and referring the victims of violence are suggested.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 15:08
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 15:08
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5353

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