Survey of the Use of X-ray Beam Collimator and Shielding Tools during Infant Chest Radiography

Karami, Vahid and Zabihzadeh, Mansour and Gilavand, Abdolreza and Shams, Nasim (2016) Survey of the Use of X-ray Beam Collimator and Shielding Tools during Infant Chest Radiography. International Journal of Pediatrics, 4 (4). pp. 1637-1642.

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Background The use of shielding tools and X-ray beam collimator has extensively been advocated as effective methods to reduce radiation exposure to patients underwent radiological procedures. The aim of this study was to address the use of these protection measures during infant chest radiography. Material and Methods 348digital and/or analogue infant chest radiographs were reviewed that performed between October- and December 2015 at four main hospitals of Khuzestan-Iran province to assessment the beam collimation. For each radiograph the area between current and acceptable collimation was calculated. Thirty eight radiographers were deeply interviewed to investigate the actual use of shielding tools and the main reasons for not using of them. Results Only 54 (15.5) radiographs 33(61%) analogues and 21(39%) digital have satisfactory collimation. The total means area of diagnostic interest (ADI) and the region outside ADI for each radiograph was estimated 171 and 86 cm2, respectively. The irradiated region outside the ADI was significantly larger in digital than in analogue images (mean of 103 cm2 vs. 54 cm2; P < 0.05). Shielding tools were used regularly only by 5% of radiographers. Conclusion The radiosensitive organs of infants located outside of ADI in hospitals investigated are at risk. Adherence to safety guideline urgently recommends.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 15:49
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 15:49

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