The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy on using coping strategies and decreasing pain among females with chronic back pain

golchin, neda (2011) The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy on using coping strategies and decreasing pain among females with chronic back pain. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 13 (50). pp. 9-160.

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Abstract

The objective was to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on using coping strategies and decreasing pain among females with chronic back pain.  Materials and Methods: This research was conducted by using semi- experimental study with pretest-posttest design, using control group. So, from females with chronic back pain who appointed in Imam Khomeini Hospital and a private clinic in Tehran in 2010, 30 participants with mean age 33 years and 7 month were selected and randomly assigned in two equal experimental and control groups. Experimental group experienced 12 weeks over 90 minutes of Turk and Free cognitive behavioral therapy, while control group were just followed. Lazarus and Folkman coping and pain questionnaires were used in pretest and posttest. Data were analyzed by descriptive indices and univariate analysis of variance, using 16th SPSS software.  Results: Scores of experimental individuals significantly decreases in all the subscales of maladaptive coping and back pain, compared with control group (P<0.05). Also, scores of experimental individuals significantly increases in all the subscales of adaptive coping (P<0.05).  Conclusion: CBT by influencing biopsychosocial components involving to chronic pain, and changing counterproductive cognitions decrease low back pain and using maladaptive coping strategies and increase using adaptive coping strategies. Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal system
WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Journals > Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health
Depositing User: jfmh jfmh
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 16:23
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 16:23
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5569

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