Effects of Training Breast-Cancer Screening on Female University Students’ Beliefs

Rahmati Najar kolaie, Fatemeh and Ebadifard Azar, Farbod and Rimaz, Shahnaz (2012) Effects of Training Breast-Cancer Screening on Female University Students’ Beliefs. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 15 (23). pp. 10-17.

[img]
Preview
Text
IJOGI_Volume 15_Issue 23_Pages 10-17.pdf

Download (362kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://ijogi.mums.ac.ir/article_5653.html

Abstract

Introduction: According to the world statistics, Breast Cancer (BC) is the second common cancer among women and Iran is also faced with the increase of this disease. Based on current studies, methods of early BC-detection may reduce mortality caused by BC. The main objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of training breast cancer screening on beliefs in university students of Tehran University by application of heath belief model (HBM). Methods: By the purpose of evaluating the efficacy of training breast cancer screening on beliefs of dormitory students of Tehran University, this quasi-experimental pretest-posttest study was carried out. The participants were selected from the undergraduate dormitory students of Tehran University in 2008-2009. Date collection instrument was a self-made questionnaire whose validity and reliability was approved. Training was based on HBM through lectures, pamphlets, films and slides. Data were analyzed by SPSS statistical software version 14 and analytical indicators and descriptive statistics. Paired T-test was used in order to compare the participants before and after training. Statistical test was measured by 95 percent assurance. P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean age of participants was 21±1.11. 92 cases (92.9) of them were single and 7 cases (7.1) were married. Paired T-test revealed a statistically significant difference between the mean score of HBM constructs (sensitivity, severity, obstacles, perceived benefits, performing instructions) at pre-test and post-test studies. (p<0.0001). According to chi-square test, no significant difference was observed between marital status, place of birth, students' age and constructing elements of HBM (p=0.35). Conclusion: Training breast-cancer screening can promote beliefs about self-examination of breast among university students.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WP Gynecology
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility
Depositing User: ijogi ijogi
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 16:34
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 16:34
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5606

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item