Hemodynamic and Arterial Blood Gas Parameters during Cemented Hip Hemiarthroplasty in Elderly Patients

Soleymanha, Mehran and Sedighinejhad, Abbas and Haghighi, Mohammad and Naderi, Bahram and Mirblok, Ahmadreza and Mardani kivi, Mohsen (2014) Hemodynamic and Arterial Blood Gas Parameters during Cemented Hip Hemiarthroplasty in Elderly Patients. The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 2 (3). pp. 163-167.

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Abstract

Background: Patients undergoing cemented hip hemiarthroplasty may develop bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) which is a leading cause of intraoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular changes during cemented hip hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients. Methods: Cemented hip hemiarthroplasty was performed on 72 patients with femoral neck fracture. All patients were catheterized with a radial artery catheter to assess mean arterial pressure (MAP) and arterial blood gas (ABG) in these time points: just before cementation, just after cementation (0th), 5 min (5th) and 10 min (10th ) after cementation, and at the end of surgery (END). Also, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP &amp; DBP), heart rate and any arrhythmia or cardiac arrest was evaluated. Results: Seventy-two patients (33 females, 39 males; mean age: 66.8±7 years) were evaluated. All parameters changed during cementation with a significant drop in MAP, SBP, and DBP immediately after cementation and pH and base excess decreased significantly (P<0.001) with no changes in O2 saturation. Mean heart rate rose until the 5th and then decreased dramatically with no bradycardia presentation. During cementation, 12 patients showed arrhythmia, but no cardiac-arrest was observed. Conclusions: Under strict observation of a anesthesiology care team, hemiarthroplasty can be a safe method for femoral neck fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients without severe cardiopulmonary compromise.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal system
WO Surgery
Divisions: Journals > Archives of Bone & Joint Surgery
Depositing User: abjs abjs
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 17:46
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 17:46
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5693

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