Evaluation of Distortion and Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emission in Tinnitus Patients with Normal Hearing

Mokrian, Helnaz and Shaibanizadeh, Abdolreza and Farahani, Saeid and Jalaie, Shohreh and Mahdi, Parvane and Amali, Amin and Arian nahad, Homa (2014) Evaluation of Distortion and Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emission in Tinnitus Patients with Normal Hearing. Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 26 (1). pp. 19-24.

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Abstract

Introduction: Tinnitus is a perception of sound without external source. The exact etiology of tinnitus is not fully understood, although some researchers believe that the condition usually starts in the cochlea. The aim of this study was to determine the potential contribution of outer hair cell dysfunction to chronic tinnitus, by application of Distortion-Product Evoked Otoacoustic Emission (DPOAE) and Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emission (TEOAE) and also to determine the relationship between tinnitus loudness and the amplitude of these two potentials. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 20 tinnitus patients aged 20–45 years and 20 age- and gender-matched control subjects. DPOAE and TEOAE were performed on each subject. Results: The difference in the amplitudes of TEOAE between the two groups was not significantly different (P=0.08), but the amplitude of DPOAE in patients with tinnitus was significantly lower than the corresponding value in the control subjects (P=0.01). There was no correlation between tinnitus loudness and the amplitudes of neither DPOAE nor TEOAE. Conclusion: Abnormal findings in the DPOAE of tinnitus sufferers suggest some form of cochlear dysfunction in these patients. As there was no correlation between the amplitude of the recorded potentials and tinnitus loudness, factors other than cochlear dysfunction may also influence the loudness of tinnitus.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WV Otolaryngology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Otorhinolaryngology
Depositing User: ijo ijo
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2017 14:38
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2017 14:38
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6079

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