Acetabular Fractures in the Senior Population� Epidemiology, Mortality and Treatments

Firoozabadi, Reza and Cross III, William W. and Krieg, James C. and Routt, Milton L. “Chip” (2017) Acetabular Fractures in the Senior Populationâ�� Epidemiology, Mortality and Treatments. The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery, 5 (2). pp. 96-102.

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Background:Management of acetabular fractures in the senior population can be one of the most challenging injuries tomanage. Furthermore, treating surgeons have a paucity of information to guide the treatment in this patient population.The purpose of this study was to determine: (1) demographic and epidemiologic data, (2) mortality rates for nonoperativecompared to operative management at different time points, (3) common fracture configurations, and (4) fracture fixationstrategies in senior patients treated with acetabular fractures.Methods:Retrospective review of prospectively gathered data at a Level I trauma center over a five-year period. 1123acetabular fractures were identified. 156 of them were for patients over the age of 65 (average age of 78).Results:Falls and motor vehicle accidents accounted for the two most common mechanisms of injury. 82 of patientshad significant medical comorbidities. 51 patients (33) died within one year, in which 75 of them died within 90 daysof their acetabular fracture. 84 of the deceased patients, i.e. from the group of 51 patients, had non-operative treatment.For patients treated with traction alone, there was a 79 one-year mortality and 50 mortality rate within 90 days. Withinthe entire cohort, 70 had either an associated both-column (ABC) or anterior column/posterior hemitransverse (AC/PHT)fracture pattern. Fifty-seven patients (36.5) underwent open reduction and internal fixation using standard reductiontechniques and surgical implants via two main surgical exposures of ilioinguinal (69) and Kocher-Langenbeck (29).Conclusion:Geriatric patients with acetabular fractures are uncommon accounting for only 14 of all acetabularfractures. Patients who undergo surgery show lower mortality rates. ABC and AC/PHT fracture patterns are the two mostcommon fracture patterns. Routine fixation constructs and implants can be used to manage these challenging fractures.Most patients are unable to return to their homes and instead require skilled nursing facility during their convalescence.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal system
WO Surgery
Divisions: Journals > Archives of Bone & Joint Surgery
Depositing User: abjs abjs
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2017 16:10
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2017 16:10

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