Prevalence of Undernutrition among Santal tribal Preschool Children of Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal, India

Bisai, Samiran (2014) Prevalence of Undernutrition among Santal tribal Preschool Children of Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2 (4.3). pp. 347-354.

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Objective: To assess the overall nutritional status of Santal tribal preschool children of Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal, India. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from February 2012 to September, 2012 in the Santal tribal community of rural area of Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal. The study children were selected multi stage cluster sampling method. The level of underweight, stunting and wasting was assessed using standard deviation (SD) classification as against National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reference standards. Results: This study comprises of 299 (boys=153, girls=146) Santal preschool children age between 0-5 years to assess the prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting. Overall prevalence of underweight was 65.2, out of, 54.2 and 11.0 children are found to be moderate and severe underweight. It is found that the severe underweight was significantly higher among girls than the boys (15.1 vs 7.2, p<0.05). Boys had 2.3 (OR=2.29, 95CI:1.07-4.91) fold greater risk of being severe underweight. Overall the prevalence of stunting was 54.2. Among them 31.4 and 22.7 children were experiencing moderate and severe stunting. Moreover, overall prevalence of wasting was 20.1, out of, 17.4 and 2.7 children were found to be moderate and severe wasting. Conclusion: As per WHO classification for assessing severity of malnutrition, this study found very high rates of malnutrition in the form of underweight, stunting and wasting, indicating a critical situation. Therefore respective authority should be undertaken an effective public health strategy to combat child malnutrition among socio-economically vulnerable communities in India and adjoining countries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 12:39
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 12:39

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