Factors Affecting the Outcome of Bronchiectasis in Pediatric Patients

Bilan, Nemat and Agakhani, Mitra and Niafar, M (2014) Factors Affecting the Outcome of Bronchiectasis in Pediatric Patients. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2 (4.3). pp. 377-389.

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Abstract

Introduction: Bronchiectasis is a common problem in children and early diagnosis can lead to early treatment and prevent of its complications. This study was aimed to evaluate factors effective on outcome of bronchiectasis in children. Methods: In an analytical cross-sectional study, 347 children with bronchiectasis Underwent the study. the patients were diagnosed based on chronic suppurative cough and CT scan findings. . Results: Disease etiology was asthma in 55.6, Gastroesophagial reflux (GERD) in 7.8, Cystic fibrosis (CF) in 4.8, other causes in 11.2 and idiopathic in 20.6. All cases complained of chronic cough. The most common sign was daily sputum production (79.1) and common symptoms were ral/crackle in 47.1 and wheezing in 25.4. Mean treatment period was 32.82±11.56 months. At the end of follow-up, complete improvement occurred in 35.6, partial improvement in 40.9 and no improvement in 23.5. Conclusion: In children with chronic cough and crackle in physical examination, consideration of bronchiectasis could be helpful in early diagnosis and complementary evaluations and treatment initiation. Treating the underlying disease could prevent the occurrence and increase the response to treatment of bronchiectasis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 12:58
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 12:58
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6750

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