Maternal Education, Reported Morbidity and Number of Siblings are Associated with Malnutrition among Lodha Preschool Children of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India

Bisai, Samiran and Mahalanabis, Dilip and Sen, Amitava and Bose, Kaushik (2014) Maternal Education, Reported Morbidity and Number of Siblings are Associated with Malnutrition among Lodha Preschool Children of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2 (4.2). pp. 13-21.

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition among tribal preschool children is highly prevalent in almost all states of India and is the predisposing factor for morbidity as well as mortality. Objectives: Aim of the study was to detect prevalence of malnutrition and their associated factors. Study design: A cross sectional study. Study subjects: Lodha tribal children aged 1-5 years. Sample size: A total of 141 children were included in the present study. Data collection: Data was collected in pre-structured questionnaire, which included household socio-demographic data, morbidity status of child and anthropometric measurements like height, weight. Results: The overall prevalence of malnutrition in the form of underweight, stunting, wasting and overweight was 40.4, 29.8, 34.0, 5.0, respectively. According to the WHO classification of severity of malnutrition, the overall prevalence of underweight and wasting was very high, indicating a critical situation. The reported morbidity was 20.6 and majority of children suffered from diarrhoea (7.8). The results revealed that morbidity status, number of sibling, mother literacy status had significant association on underweight More importantly; rate of underweight was significantly higher among children who had reported morbidity, no of sibs 3 and above and or illiterate mothers. They had 3.7, 2.15 and 2.81 times greater risk of being underweight. Similarly, children having morbidity had more than 3 times greater chance of developing wasting. Conclusion: The Lodha pre-school children were suffering from nutritional stress which was associated with reported morbidity, mother’s lack of education and high number of siblings.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 13:19
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 13:19
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6766

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