The Clinical Manifestations, Treatment Efficacy and Adverse Drug Reactions in 62 Iranian Child with Wilson Disease

Najafi, Mehri and Alimadadi, Hosein and Arastoo, Leila and Motamed, Farzaneh and Khodadad, Ahmad and Fallahi, Gholamhosein and Farahmand, Fatemeh and Doroudian, Rana (2014) The Clinical Manifestations, Treatment Efficacy and Adverse Drug Reactions in 62 Iranian Child with Wilson Disease. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2 (3.3). pp. 25-29.

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Introduction: The Wilson disease is an autosomal recessive disease in which the liver, central nervous system, eyes, blood and other parts of the body involved. Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment of the disease requires awareness of the clinical presentations of this disease in children.Methods: This case series study included 62 patients with Wilson disease who admitted to children's Medical Center in the years 2012-2003.Results: 56 of patients were male. The average age of diagnosis was 9.73 years old (5-17 years) and this was higher in patients with early neurologic symptoms (P = 0.85.( 64.5 of the patients had the hepatic symptoms at the time of diagnosis and the most common type of hepatic involvement was cirrhosis (39.3) and hepatitis (17.5) respectively. 17.7 of the patients also had early neurological symptoms. A positive family history for the Wilson Disease were found in 27.4 of patients. 74.2 of patients had KF ring and the frequency of these symptom was higher in patients with early neurological involvement. 83.9 of patients were treated successfully with D-penicillamine and In 30 of patients, adverse drug reactions were seen.Conclusion: Children with unknown liver disease should be evaluated for Wilson disease and the first-degree relatives of patients should be screened. . D-penicillamine have important side effects, but due to the low cost and the availability is an appropriate drug to treat the Wilson disease..Key words: Wilson Disease, Hepatic Involvement, Neurologic Involvement , KF ring ,D-Penicillamine.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 14:42
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 14:42

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