Effects of Nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia

Ghasemi, Ali and Keikhaei, Bijan (2014) Effects of Nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2 (3.1). pp. 183-187.

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Abstract

Introduction: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world. The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is about 9 in toddlers, 9-11 in adolescent girls and less than 1 in teenage boys. IDA presents when there is not sufficient iron for haemoglobin synthesis. In particular it has negative effects on the behavior, cognitive performance, immune system and physical growth of infants, preschool and school age children. Material and Methods: Blood samples of 337 randomly selected children (6-59 months) living in the Ahwaz, Khuzestan province, were taken. Serum ferritin, Complete Blood Cell (CBC) and hematological indices were measured Results and Discussion: In this study 61.1 of the children had serum ferritin less than 12mcg/dl. Prevalence of IDA were 29.1 . The results showed that most children with IDA were at 12-23 months. Families with more than 6 children had 4.49 times greater chance of IDA. The mean of breast-feeding in non-IDA children was higher than IDA children (17.6 and 16.3 months respectively, P>0.05). In this study families who gave tea to their children for 1-11 months had the highest prevalence of IDA. Conclusion: There are several main risk factors for ID & IDA in the children. Parent's illiteracy, family income and using cow's milk before 12 months are among most important risk factors for iron deficiency for children.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 21:32
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 21:32
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6836

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