Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) is the Main Cureavailable for Thalassamia

Mahmoodi Nesheli, Hassan (2014) Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) is the Main Cureavailable for Thalassamia. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2 (2.3). p. 24.

IJP_Volume 2_Issue 2.3_Pages 24-24.pdf

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Introduction: The thalassamias refer to a diverse group of hemoglobin disorders characterized by a reduced synthesis of one or more of globin chains (α,β, γ, δβ,γδβ, δ and εγδβ).The main cure available today for thalassamia is bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from compatible donor.On December 3, 1981 a 14-month-old child with β-thalassemia major recieved BMT from his HLA-identical sister in Seattle.On December 17, 1981 the Pesaro team performed a transplant in a 16-year old thalassamia, using marrow from his HLA-identical brother.This patient rejected the graft. Methods: In our study, twenty twotransfusion dependentthalassemia patients were recruited.When HLA matched donor was detected, he or she was checked for asymptomatic infection, electerolytes and endocrinopathy. Donors were either heterozygous for β-thalassemia or normal homozygous. Results: In our center 22 transfusion dependent hemglobinopathies (10 girls and 12 boys,age3-26y, Mean=15.6y) underwent to HSCT from September 2010 until May 2014.Graft failure happened in 3 patients. Retransplantation was done for one patient who was X variant hemoglobinopathy.Twenty patients were disease free and didn`t need to transfusion after BMT. Although in our BMT center , few thalassemia patients underwent to transplantation, 20 of 22 were independent to blood transfusion after transplantation. One patient who underwent to retransplantation is undependent to transfusion. Conclusion: Patients and their family were very pleasured and satisfied. We suggest all patients with β-thalassemia who have HLA-identical related donors should be transplanted as soon as possible. Keyword: Bone Marrow Transplant, HLA-identical, β-thalassemia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > International J Pediatrics
Depositing User: IJP IJP
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2017 23:55
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2017 23:55

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