The rate of hypertension and other predisposing systemic factors in spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhages

Etezad Razavi, Mohammad and Sharifi, Mohammad and Hajmohammadian, Tahereh (2014) The rate of hypertension and other predisposing systemic factors in spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhages. medical journal of mashhad university of medical sciences, 57 (7). pp. 847-851.

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Introduction:SPONTANEOUS subconjuctival hemorrhage is a self-limited disorder which was resorbed spontaneously without sequela.Most of them attributed to minor trauma or underlying systemic disease. This study was performed to evaluate the rate of systemic hypertension and other predisposing systemic factors in patients with spontaneous subconjuntival hemorrhages. Materials and Methods : This cross sectional study was performed on patients with spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhages which referred to one teaching eye hospital. Complete ophthalmic exams were performed and history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, valsalva maneuver, coagulation disorders, use of anticoagulant drugs, were taken. Systemic blood pressure measured in emergency ward and recorded. Results:Overall 61 subjects were examined. 45 (74) were male and 16(26) were female. Their ages ranged from 5 to 71 years (mean =43.5 years). 41 of them (67) had at least one of the considered associated factors. The history of hypertension was in 10 of cases, 15 of patients had high systolic or diastolic blood pressure measurement without history of hypertension (systolic greater than 135 or diastolic greater than 85 mmHg). 17 of patients had history of diabetes mellitus. History of valsalva maneuver and use of anticoagulant drugs were positive in 15 and10 of them respectively. Conclusion: spontaneous subconjunctival hemorrhage   might be due to underlying systemic disease.Amoung predisposing systemic factors, Systemic hypertension, diabetes mellitus and valsalva maneuver are more common causatives.  AKNOWLEGEMENT: The authors had not financial interest. Authors acknowledge everyone who had role for collection of data and writing of this article. Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
Divisions: Journals > Medical J Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Depositing User: mjmums mjmums
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 14:36
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2017 14:36

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