Prophylactic Antibiotics in Otolaryngologic Surgeries: From Knowledge to Practice

Khatami-Moghadam, Minoo and Khorsandi-Ashtiani, Mohammad-Taghi and Mohagheghi, Mohammad-Ali and Hasibi, Mehrdad and Kouhi, Ali (2012) Prophylactic Antibiotics in Otolaryngologic Surgeries: From Knowledge to Practice. Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 24 (2). pp. 79-84.

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Introduction: The management and use of antimicrobial drugs has clinical, economic, and environmental implications. In many countries, antimicrobial drugs are the most frequently prescribed therapeutic agents. Therefore, health-care policy should focus on how to establish a rational attitude toward antibiotics. This study was performed to investigate antibiotic usage as a prophylactic regimen in head and neck surgeries. Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective case series. Patients undergoing otolaryngology surgeries in a tertiary referral otolaryngology center were included. Members of operating room staff that were unaware of the study objectives collected patients’ data using a questionnaire that contained information regarding general medical condition, disease, surgical procedure, and prophylaxis regimen and duration. Results: Excluding infected patients, we studied 1349 patients during a four-month period who needed prophylactic antibiotics. A total of 34 different types of surgical procedures were performed. Out of the total number of patients, 503 (37.0) received a parenteral antibiotic directly before surgery. The main antibiotics used before surgery were cephalosporins (94.9). All of the 1349 patients were administered antibiotics after the procedure. These antibiotics where given with a mean number of doses of 4.81 (range: 1–68), and also consisted of mostly cephalosporins. Conclusion: Our results indicate that prophylactic antibiotics were being significantly misused in a tertiary referral center of a university hospital. Although teaching the principles of prophylaxis to physicians is important, we think that finding a way to bring this knowledge to practice is more important.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WV Otolaryngology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Otorhinolaryngology
Depositing User: ijo ijo
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 17:23
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2017 17:23

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