Maternal Risk Factors Associated with the Development of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate in Mexico: A Case-Control Study

Angulo-Castro, Emmanuel and Acosta-Alfaro, Luis F and Guadron-Llanos, Alma M and Canizalez-Roman, Adrian and Gonzalez-Ibarra, Fernando and Osuna-Ramirez, Ignacio and Murillo-LLanes, Joel (2017) Maternal Risk Factors Associated with the Development of Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate in Mexico: A Case-Control Study. Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 29 (4). pp. 189-195.

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Abstract

Introduction: Cleft lip and palate, the most common developmental deformity, is seen worldwide and the etiology involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate. Materials and Methods: We conducted a case control study at the Women's Hospital in Culiacan, Mexico. Medical records were analyzed, including patients who delivered babies with and without cleft lip and cleft palate from January 2010 to December 2015. Multiple variables were analyzed, including gestational age, weight at birth, the use of folic acid and multivitamins during pregnancy, smoking, alcohol abuse, the use of recreational drugs, history of sexually transmitted infections, marital status, socioeconomic status, education, and nutritional status. Results: We found that the maternal risk factors with the strongest association for the development of cleft lip and cleft palate were the following: patients who were not taking folic acid during pregnancy OR 3.27, 95% CI 1.32-8.09, P=0.00; patients who were not taking vitamin supplementation during pregnancy OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.19-7.27, P=0.02; smoking during pregnancy OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.23-3.41, P=0.01; and alcohol abuse during pregnancy OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.17-3.08, P=0.03. Conclusions: The main risk factors associated with the development of cleft lip and cleft palate in a Mexican population at the Women�s hospital in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico were smoking, alcohol abuse, and patients not taking folic acid and multivitamins during pregnancy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WV Otolaryngology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Otorhinolaryngology
Depositing User: ijo ijo
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 13:45
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2017 13:45
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/734

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