Clinicopathological Profile of Lung Cancer Patients in a Teaching Hospital in South India

Dhandapani, Srinath and Srinivasan, Aravind and Rajagopalan, Rajalakshmi and Chellamuthu, Santhosh and Rajkumar, Aishwarya and Palaniswamy, Paramesh (2016) Clinicopathological Profile of Lung Cancer Patients in a Teaching Hospital in South India. Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Medicine, 4 (2). pp. 440-443.

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Abstract

Introduction: Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths in the world. The incidence of lung cancer is increasing in India and there is a need to understand the natural history of this disease. Aim of the study: To study the clinico- pathological- radiological profile of patients diagnosed with lung cancer from January 2013 to May 2015 at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: Inpatient records of all patients admitted during the study period were examined and  all patients with a histologically proven diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma were recruited. Demographic characteristics, clinical, radiological and pathological details of each patient were recorded. Results: Fifty four patients with lung cancer were identified. Forty three (79.6) were male and 11 (20.4) were female. Thirty two (59.7) were smokers and 22 (40.7) were non smokers. Cough and expectoration (61.1) was the most common presenting symptom followed by breathlessness (59.3). Mass lesion (81.5) was the most common radiological presentation and adenocarcinoma (42.6) was the most common histological subtype. When compared to fiber optic bronchoscopy, image guided percutaneous biopsy had a better yield for diagnosing lung cancer (51.9 vs 48.1). But this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.892) Conclusion: Adenocarcinoma is replacing squamous cell carcinoma as the most common type of lung cancer in India.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WF Respiratory System
Divisions: Journals > J Cardio-Thoracic Medicine
Depositing User: jctm jctm
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 14:09
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2017 14:09
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/772

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