Sexual differences of human brain

Pezeshki Rad, Masoud and Momennezhad, Mahdi and Naseri, Shahrokh and Nahidi, Mahsa and Mahmoudzadeh, Abolfazl and Aminzadeh, Behzad (2014) Sexual differences of human brain. Reviews in Clinical Medicine, 1 (2). pp. 51-56.

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Abstract

During the last decades there has been an increasing interest in studying the differences between males and females. These differences extend from behavioral to cognitive to micro- and macro- neuro-anatomical aspects of human biology. There have been many methods to evaluate these differences and explain their determinants. The most studied cause of this dimorphism is the prenatal sex hormones and their organizational effect on brain and behavior. However, there have been new and recent attentions to hormone’s activational influences in puberty and also the effects of genomic imprinting. In this paper, we reviewed the sex differences of brain, the evidences for possible determinants of these differences and also the methods that have been used to discover them. We reviewed the most conspicuous findings with specific attention to macro-anatomical differences based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data. We finally reviewed the findings and the many opportunities for future studies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QS Human Anatomy
WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
Divisions: Journals > Reviews in Clinical Medicine
Depositing User: RCM RCM
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2017 16:11
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2017 16:11
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7932

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