Acute Chemical and Pharmaceutical Poisoning Cases Treated in Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad: One year study

Prajapati, Tejas and Prajapati, Kartik and Tandon, Rakesh and Merchant, Saumil (2013) Acute Chemical and Pharmaceutical Poisoning Cases Treated in Civil Hospital, Ahmedabad: One year study. Asia Pacific Journal of Medical Toxicology, 2 (2). pp. 63-67.

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 Background: To study the pattern of acute chemical and pharmaceutical poisoning in Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India. Methods: This was a prospective study of patients with chemical and pharmaceutical poisoning who were admitted to the emergency department of Civil Hospital Ahmadabad, from 1st October 2006 to 30th September 2007. Socio-demographic details, intention of poisoning, type of poison, duration of hospitalization and outcome were recorded in a data checklist. Results: In total, 366 cases were studied over one year. Of these, 70.8 were male. The majority (45.08) of cases had 21 to 30 years of age. 71.6 of cases lived in rural area and 28.4 of cases lived in urban area. The most common type of poison was pesticides in 33.9 of cases, followed by household chemicals in 26.8 of cases. In 74.6 of cases, intention of poisoning was self-harm. Case fatality rate among the patients was 18.6 while this index in patients poisoned with household chemicals was the highest (19.9) followed by pesticides (17.7). Conclusion: The prevention and treatment of poisoning with pesticides and household chemicals should merit high priority in the health care of Gujarat population. A specific concern should be raised toward pesticides availability and terms of sale. A national concern should be raised toward providing more laboratory and diagnostic facilities in hospitals in India.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Asia Pacific J Toxicology
Depositing User: apjmt apjmt
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 14:33
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 14:33

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