Polyserositis: An Unusual Complication of Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning

Bhalla, Ashish and Mahi, Sushil and Sharma, Navneet and Singh, Surjit (2012) Polyserositis: An Unusual Complication of Aluminum Phosphide Poisoning. Asia Pacific Journal of Medical Toxicology, 1 (1). pp. 14-17.

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Abstract

 Background: Aluminum phosphide is the common cause of poisoning in adults in India, with a very high case fatality ratio. We studied five patients of aluminum phosphide poisoning with polyserositis. Methods: We enrolled all patients with aluminum phosphide poisoning presenting to emergency medical department, at a tertiary care hospital in northwestern India from January to July 2006. These patients were managed according to a standard treatment protocol and their complications were recorded. Results: During the study period, total of 35 patients were admitted with 57.5 mortality in the first 12 hours. Among the rest, 5 patients were found to develop polyserositis. All these patients had severe hypotension at presentation and developed respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation after an average stay of 3.8 days post-ingestion. They were managed conservatively and four of them were discharged from the hospital after the average stay of 10 days. Conclusion: In this case series, features of polyserositis (pleural effusion, ascites and pericardial effusion) were found in 15 patients of severe aluminum phosphide poisoning. We postulate systemic capillary leak syndrome, secondary to mitochondrial damage in the endothelium, as a possible mechanism. Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Asia Pacific J Toxicology
Depositing User: apjmt apjmt
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 13:54
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 13:54
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8215

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