Snakebite Prognostic Factors: Leading Factors of Weak Therapeutic Response Following Snakebite Envenomation

Dadpour, Bita and Shafahi, Azam and Monzavi, Seyed Mostafa and Zavar, Abbas and Afshari, Reza and Khoshdel, Ali Reza (2012) Snakebite Prognostic Factors: Leading Factors of Weak Therapeutic Response Following Snakebite Envenomation. Asia Pacific Journal of Medical Toxicology, 1 (1). pp. 27-33.

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Background: The goal of antivenom administration for snake-bitten patients is to achieve therapeutic response (initial control), which means reversal of the venom-induced effects through neutralizing the venom. The aim of this study was to identify snakebite prognostic factors of weak therapeutic response prior to antivenom administration. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with viperidae snakebite envenomation who were admitted to Mashhad Toxicology Centre during 2007-2011. Demographic features, clinical manifestations and snakebite severity score (SSS) were collected prior to antivenom administration. Total number of antivenom vials administered to achieve therapeutic response and duration of hospitalization were also recorded. Potential factors in snakebite prognosis were analyzed by comparing in two groups of achieving therapeutic response with less than 5 vials and over 5 to calculate odds ratio. Results: Total of 108 patients (male/female: 85/23) with mean (SD) age of 34.5 (17.0) were studied. The most common manifestations included fang marks (100), pain (100), ecchymosis (89), swelling (83), blister formation (48) and thrombocytopenia (25). In univariate analysis, thrombocytopenia (P=0.01), spontaneous bleeding (P=0.02), coagulopathic disturbances (P=0.007), swelling (P=0.003), progressive swelling (P=0.005), ecchymosis (P=0.05) and respiratory distress (P= 0.05) were significantly correlated to weak therapeutic response. Swelling and spontaneous bleeding were the strongest snakebite prognostic factors, as respectively they put the patients at 12.4 and 10.4 fold risks for difficult achievement of therapeutic response. Conclusions: In snakebite, some clinical manifestations in the first hours of admission and prior to antivenom administration are associated with weak therapeutic response. Identifying these prognostic factors, can assist health care providers to better estimate the patientâ��s needs and predict the final consequences.Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Asia Pacific J Toxicology
Depositing User: apjmt apjmt
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 13:58
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 13:58

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