Evaluation of the relationship between left atrial volume and myocardial ischemia: a systematic review

Azari, Ali and Bigdelue, leila and Fazlinezhad, Afsoon and Farazandeh, Marzye and Bakefayat, Somaye (2017) Evaluation of the relationship between left atrial volume and myocardial ischemia: a systematic review. Reviews in Clinical Medicine, 4 (3). pp. 97-101.

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Abstract

Introduction: The pathophysiology of ischemia involves the cellular effect of myocardial ischemia, reactive oxygen species, and reactive inflammatory enzymes. Left atrial (LA) ischemia has been shown to have several mechanisms through which it can lead to abnormalities in left ventricular filling in early diastole and thus reduces LA passive functional reserve. In this review, we evaluated the physiological mechanisms of LA during myocardial ischemia, as previously demonstrated in experimental and clinical studies.Methods: Several databases were searched in order to find related articles. The outcome of interest included LA function measurements (measurement of LA volume) during ischemia. By applying a standardized protocol, reviewers independently extracted and assessed the studies.Results: The literature review indicated 50 publications, among which 15 studies were eligible for analysis. Assessment of LA dimension and function is essential for clinical evaluation and prognostic purposes. Conclusion: The present article revealed that LA passive emptying volume and LA emptying volume significantly increased in myocardial ischemia. Further researches could provide a better understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms behind LA enlargement and help to predict clinical outcomes in many cardiovascular disorders.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
Divisions: Journals > Reviews in Clinical Medicine
Depositing User: RCM RCM
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2017 14:55
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 14:55
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8292

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